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Ureterocele: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Ureterocele, a congenital abnormality of the urinary tract, poses unique challenges in both diagnosis and treatment. Characterized by the bulging of the ureter into the bladder, this condition requires a comprehensive understanding for effective management. In this article, we delve into the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment options for ureterocele, offering valuable insights for healthcare professionals and patients alike.

Ureterocele Treatment best doctor in jaipur rajasthan India Dr M Roychowdhury Dr Rajan Bansal

What is Ureterocele?

Ureterocele occurs when the distal end of the ureter, the tube that carries urine from the kidney to the bladder, balloons out into the bladder. This abnormality can obstruct urine flow, leading to various complications such as urinary tract infections (UTIs), kidney damage, and even renal failure if left untreated. While the exact cause of ureterocele remains unclear, it is believed to be a congenital anomaly that may occur due to abnormal embryological development of the urinary system.

What are the Symptoms of Ureterocele?

The presentation of ureterocele can vary widely depending on its size, location, and associated complications. Common symptoms include:

  1. Abdominal or flank pain: Pain in the lower abdomen or sides of the back may occur, particularly if ureterocele is associated with kidney stones or urinary obstruction.
  2. Urinary obstruction: Difficulty urinating or incomplete bladder emptying may occur due to large ureterocele obstructing urine flow.
  3. Urinary tract infections (UTIs): Recurrent UTIs, particularly in children, may indicate the presence of ureterocele.
  4. Hematuria: Blood in the urine may be present, especially after strenuous activity or trauma to the urinary tract.

How is the Diagnosis of Ureterocele made?

The diagnosis of ureterocele typically involves a combination of clinical evaluation and diagnostic imaging. Key diagnostic modalities include:

Ultrasound (USG)

This non-invasive imaging technique is often used as the initial screening tool for detecting ureterocele. It allows visualization of the urinary tract and can identify the characteristic bulging of the ureter into the bladder.

Intravenous Pyelogram (IVP)

IVP or contrast radiography gives a typical “cobra head” appearance in the bladder in case of ureterocele.

Computed tomography (CT) scan or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI):

These imaging modalities may be used to obtain more detailed anatomical information in complex cases like ectopic ureterocele which occupies the lower part of bladder and .

What is the Treatment of Ureterocele?

The management of ureterocele depends on various factors, including the patient’s age, symptoms, and the presence of associated complications. Treatment options may include:

  1. Observation: In asymptomatic cases, and where there are no back pressure changes in the kidneys, close monitoring with the help of sonography may be recommended to assess for any changes in symptoms or complications.
  2. Endoscopic incision: Endoscopic surgery, known as ureterocele puncture or incision, involves inserting a small telescope (cystoscope) into the bladder and making an incision to drain the ureterocele. This procedure can alleviate obstruction.
  3. Surgical reconstruction: In cases of large or complex ureteroceles, surgical reconstruction may be necessary to remove the ureterocele and reimplant the ureter into the bladder. This procedure aims to restore normal urinary function and prevent long-term complications.
  4. Surgical Stone Removal: sometimes stones are formed within the ureterocele which need to be removed along with incision and treatment of ureterocele.
  5. Antibiotic Therapy: Associated recurrent UTI may need prolonged supportive antibiotic therapy.


Ureterocele is a congenital abnormality of the urinary tract that requires careful evaluation and management to prevent complications and preserve renal function. Through early diagnosis, comprehensive imaging, and tailored treatment approaches, healthcare professionals can effectively address ureterocele and improve outcomes for patients of all ages.

Best Hospital for Treatment of Ureterocele in India – Institute of Urology, C Scheme, Jaipur

The Institute of Urology stands as a beacon of innovation and excellence in the field of urological care, offering advanced treatment options for a wide range of conditions, including ureterocele. With our state-of-the-art facilities and cutting-edge technology, we are equipped to diagnose and manage ureterocele with precision and expertise.

Our multidisciplinary team of urologists, diagnosticians, and support staff collaborate seamlessly to provide personalized care tailored to each patient’s unique needs. Whether through minimally invasive procedures such as endoscopic incision or surgical interventions, our goal is to alleviate symptoms, preserve kidney function, and improve the quality of life for individuals affected by ureterocele. At the Institute of Urology, we are committed to pushing the boundaries of urological innovation to deliver the highest standard of care and outcomes for our patients.

Now, we have also started the facility of online consultation so that you can discuss about your problems in detail with our experts from the comfort of your home. Please remember to keep ready all the investigations that you’ve had done so far so that it is helpful for the specialist to guide you precisely about the next course of action. At Institute of Urology, we strictly abide by the International protocols so that we keep up with the latest and best of what the advancements in the medical field has to offer.

Our doctors can be reached Monday to Saturday during working hours.
Dr. M. Roychowdhury – 9929513468/ 9829013468
Dr. Rajan Bansal – 8601539297


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  2. Nguyen HT, Herndon CD, Cooper C, et al. The Society for Fetal Urology consensus statement on the evaluation and management of antenatal hydronephrosis. J Pediatr Urol. 2010;6(3):212-231.
  3. Palmer LS, Palmer JS. Ureterocele. In: Campbell-Walsh Urology. 11th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2016:2725-2734.
  4. Peters CA. Pediatric urologic emergencies. Urol Clin North Am. 2001;28(2):333-345.
  5. Shapiro E, Bauer SB, Chow JS. Anomalies of the upper urinary tract. In: Wein AJ, Kavoussi LR, Partin AW, Peters CA, eds. Campbell-Walsh Urology. 11th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2016:325-374.
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