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Parameters of Semen Analysis

Parameters of Semen Analysis: Semen analysis is a fundamental diagnostic tool used in assessing male fertility. It provides valuable insights into the quantity, quality, and overall health of sperm present in semen. Understanding the various parameters analyzed in a semen sample is crucial for both patients and healthcare providers in diagnosing fertility issues and formulating appropriate treatment plans.

Semen Analysis Male Infertility Treatment by Dr. Rajan Bansal Jaipur Rajasthan best doctor infertility

In this article, we will delve into the details of semen analysis, discussing each parameter comprehensively to provide a clear understanding of its significance in evaluating male fertility.


The volume of semen refers to the amount of fluid ejaculated during orgasm. Normal semen volume typically ranges between 1.5 to 5 milliliters. A low volume may indicate issues with the seminal vesicles or prostate gland.

Sperm Concentration

Sperm concentration, also known as sperm count, indicates the number of sperm present per milliliter of semen. The World Health Organization (WHO) defines a normal sperm concentration as 15 million sperm per milliliter or higher. Low sperm concentration may indicate infertility or underlying health issues such as hormonal imbalances or testicular problems.


Sperm motility refers to the ability of sperm to move and swim progressively. Motility is categorized into progressive motility (sperm moving forward in a straight line), non-progressive motility (sperm moving but not in a straight line), and immotile (non-moving) sperm. High motility is essential for sperm to reach and fertilize the egg. Decreased motility may indicate sperm dysfunction or structural abnormalities.


Sperm morphology assesses the size, shape, and structure of sperm cells. Typically, at least 4% of sperm in a sample should have normal morphology for optimal fertility. Abnormalities in sperm morphology can hinder their ability to fertilize an egg, leading to infertility issues.

pH Level

The pH level of semen indicates its acidity or alkalinity. Normal semen pH ranges between 7.2 to 8.0. Deviations from this range may affect sperm health and function. Acidic pH levels could result from infections or obstructions in the reproductive tract, while alkaline pH may be due to problems with the seminal vesicles or prostate gland.


Sperm vitality measures the percentage of live sperm within a semen sample. Vitality is crucial for sperm to maintain their functionality and fertilization potential. A high percentage of live sperm indicates healthy semen, while low vitality may suggest impaired sperm function or viability.

White Blood Cells (WBCs)

The presence of white blood cells in semen can indicate inflammation or infection within the reproductive tract. Elevated levels of WBCs may suggest conditions such as prostatitis or epididymitis, which can adversely affect sperm production and function.

Fructose Level

Fructose is a sugar produced by the seminal vesicles, and its presence in semen provides energy for sperm motility. Low levels of fructose may indicate obstruction or dysfunction of the seminal vesicles, impacting sperm function and fertility.

Sperm Agglutination

Sperm agglutination refers to the clumping together of sperm cells, which can impede their ability to swim and fertilize an egg. This phenomenon may occur due to various factors, including immune reactions, infections, or antibody presence in semen. Sperm agglutination can be categorized as either head-to-head, tail-to-tail, or head-to-tail agglutination. While low levels of agglutination may be normal, excessive agglutination can hinder sperm motility and reduce fertility. Assessing sperm agglutination as part of semen analysis provides valuable information about potential immune-related infertility issues, guiding healthcare providers in determining appropriate treatment strategies to optimize fertility outcomes.


Semen analysis plays a pivotal role in assessing male fertility and diagnosing underlying reproductive health issues. By evaluating various parameters such as volume, sperm concentration, motility, morphology, pH level, vitality, white blood cells, and fructose level, healthcare providers can gain valuable insights into a patient’s reproductive health and formulate personalized treatment plans to address any identified concerns. Understanding these parameters empowers individuals and couples to make informed decisions regarding their fertility journey, leading to improved outcomes and enhanced reproductive well-being.

Best Hospital for Male Infertility Treatment in Jaipur – Institute of Urology, C Scheme, Jaipur

When it comes to seeking comprehensive care for male infertility, the Institute of Urology stands out as a leading institution renowned for its expertise and dedication to excellence. With a team of highly skilled urologists, andrologists, and imaging specialists, the Institute offers state-of-the-art diagnostic services and cutting-edge treatment options tailored to individual patient needs. From advanced semen analysis to intricate surgical procedures, the Institute of Urology provides a comprehensive range of services aimed at addressing various causes of male infertility with precision and compassion.

With a reputation built on a track record of success and patient-centered care, the Institute of Urology stands as a beacon of hope for individuals and couples navigating the challenges of male infertility, offering expertise, support, and solutions every step of the way.

You can also avail the facility of online consultation before visiting us in person in order to discuss your problems with our Senior Urologist. We can be reached at the following numbers:
Dr. M. Roychowdhury – 9929513468 / 9829013468
Dr. Rajan Bansal – 8601539297

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